Light Field Compression by Residual CNN-Assisted JPEG

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PubDate: September 2021

Teams: Michigan Technological University

Writers: Eisa Hedayati; Timothy C. Havens; Jeremy P. Bos

PDF: Light Field Compression by Residual CNN-Assisted JPEG


Light field (LF) imaging has gained significant attention due to its recent success in 3-dimensional (3D) displaying and rendering as well as augmented and virtual reality usage. Because of the two extra dimensions, LFs are much larger than conventional images. We develop a JPEG-assisted learning-based technique to reconstruct an LF from a JPEG bitstream with a bit per pixel ratio of 0.0047 on average. For compression, we keep the LF’s center view and use JPEG compression with 50% quality. Our reconstruction pipeline consists of a small JPEG enhancement network (JPEG-Hance), a depth estimation network (Depth-Net), followed by view synthesizing by warping the enhanced center view. Our pipeline is significantly faster than using video compression on pseudo-sequences extracted from an LF, both in compression and decompression, while maintaining effective performance. We show that with a 1% compression time cost and 18x speedup for decompression, our methods reconstructed LFs have better structural similarity index metric (SSIM) and comparable peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) compared to the state-of-the-art video compression techniques used to compress LFs.

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