A Transcoding-Enabled 360° VR Video Caching and Delivery Framework for Edge-Enhanced Next-Generation Wireless Networks

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PubDate: January 2022

Teams: Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications;Capital Normal University;China Telecom;Dublin City University

Writers: Han Xiao; Changqiao Xu; Zichen Feng; Renjie Ding; Shujie Yang; Lujie Zhong; Jie Liang; Gabriel-Miro Muntean

PDF: A Transcoding-Enabled 360° VR Video Caching and Delivery Framework for Edge-Enhanced Next-Generation Wireless Networks

Abstract

Virtual reality (VR) content, including 360° panoramic video, provides users with an immersive multimedia experience and therefore attracts increasing research and development attention. However, the requirement of high bandwidth and low latency of virtual reality service demand puts forward greater challenges to the current infrastructure, especially mobile networks. Inspired by the sharable nature of virtual reality content tiles, we further considered the potential opportunities for computing, caching, and multicast to address the challenges of transmission of panoramic content. This paper proposes a novel transcoding-enabled VR video caching and delivery framework for edge-enhanced next-generation wireless networks. Firstly, an edge cooperative caching scheme based on multi-agent reinforcement learning is introduced to improve the utilization efficiency of computing and storage resources, and then reduce service delay. Second, a two-tier NOMA-based base station-multicast group matching mechanism is designed to solve the collaboration challenge during the edge delivery process. A series of experiments have demonstrated the advantages of the proposed scheme in terms of cache hit rate, latency and other aspects in comparison with alternative approaches.

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