Super-Mossian Dielectrics for Nanophotonics
PubDate: September 2022
Teams: Rice University
Writers: Chloe F. Doiron,Jacob B. Khurgin,Gururaj V. Naik
High refractive index dielectrics enable nanoscale integration of optical components with practically no absorption loss. Hence, high index dielectrics are promising for many emerging applications in nanophotonics. However, the lack of a complete library of high index dielectric materials poses a significant challenge to understanding the full potential for dielectric nanophotonics. Currently, it is assumed that the absorption edge and the sub-bandgap refractive index of a semiconductor exhibit a rigid trade-off, popularly known as the Moss rule. Thus, the Moss rule appears to set an upper limit on the refractive index of a dielectric for a given operating wavelength. However, there are many dielectric materials that surpass the Moss rule, referred to here as super-Mossian dielectrics. Here, the general features of super-Mossian dielectrics and their physical origin are discussed to facilitate the search for high index dielectrics. As an example, iron pyrite, an outstanding super-Mossian material with index nearly 40% higher than the Moss rule prediction, is developed. The local dielectric resonances in iron pyrite nanoresonators are experimentally observed, and the impact of super-Mossian materials on nanophotonics is demonstrated.