Active Huygens’ metasurface based on in-situ grown conductive polymer
PubDate: May 2023
Teams: Nano-Institute Munich;Universidade Federal de Pernambuco;Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München,;Monash University;Imperial College London
Writers: Wenzheng Lu, Leonarde de S. Menezes, Andreas Tittl, Haoran Ren, Stefan A. Maier
PDF: Active Huygens’ metasurface based on in-situ grown conductive polymer
Active metasurfaces provide unique advantages for on-demand light manipulation at a subwavelength scale for emerging applications of 3D displays, augmented/virtual reality (AR/VR) glasses, holographic projectors and light detection and ranging (LiDAR). These applications put stringent requirements on switching speed, cycling duration, controllability over intermediate states, modulation contrast, optical efficiency and operation voltages. However, previous demonstrations focus only on particular subsets of these key performance requirements for device implementation, while the other performance metrics have remained too low for any practical use. Here, we demonstrate an active Huygens’ metasurface based on in-situ grown conductive polymer with holistic switching performance, including switching speed of 60 frames per second (fps), switching duration of more than 2000 switching cycles without noticeable degradation, hysteresis-free controllability over intermediate states, modulation contrast of over 1400%, optical efficiency of 28% and operation voltage range within 1 V. Our active metasurface design meets all foundational requirements for display applications and can be readily incorporated into other metasurface concepts to deliver high-reliability electrical control over its optical response, paving the way for compact and robust electro-optic metadevices.