Vista widgets: a framework for designing 3D user interfaces from reusable interaction building blocks
PubDate: November 2016
Teams: RWTH Aachen University
Writers: Sascha Gebhardt；Till Petersen-Krau；Sebastian Pick；Dominik Rausch；Christian Nowke；Thomas Knott；Patric Schmitz；Daniel Zielasko；Bernd Hentschel；Torsten W. Kuhlen
Virtual Reality (VR) has been an active field of research for several decades, with 3D interaction and 3D User Interfaces (UIs) as important sub-disciplines. However, the development of 3D interaction techniques and in particular combining several of them to construct complex and usable 3D UIs remains challenging, especially in a VR context. In addition, there is currently only limited reusable software for implementing such techniques in comparison to traditional 2D UIs. To overcome this issue, we present ViSTA Widgets, a software framework for creating 3D UIs for immersive virtual environments. It extends the ViSTA VR framework by providing functionality to create multi-device, multi-focus-strategy interaction building blocks and means to easily combine them into complex 3D UIs. This is realized by introducing a device abstraction layer along sophisticated focus management and functionality to create novel 3D interaction techniques and 3D widgets. We present the framework and illustrate its effectiveness with code and application examples accompanied by performance evaluations.