Interpatient Respiratory Motion Model Transfer for Virtual Reality Simulations of Liver Punctures
PubDate: Aug 2017
Teams: Univ. of Luebeck
Writers: Andre Mastmeyer, Matthias Wilms, Heinz Handels
Current virtual reality (VR) training simulators of liver punctures often rely on static 3D patient data and use an unrealistic (sinusoidal) periodic animation of the respiratory movement. Existing methods for the animation of breathing motion support simple mathematical or patient-specific, estimated breathing models. However with personalized breathing models for each new patient, a heavily dose relevant or expensive 4D data acquisition is mandatory for keyframe-based motion modeling. Given the reference 4D data, first a model building stage using linear regression motion field modeling takes place. Then the methodology shown here allows the transfer of existing reference respiratory motion models of a 4D reference patient to a new static 3D patient. This goal is achieved by using non-linear inter-patient registration to warp one personalized 4D motion field model to new 3D patient data. This cost- and dose-saving new method is shown here visually in a qualitative proof-of-concept study.