Gentlemen on the Road: Understanding How Pedestrians Interpret Yielding Behavior of Autonomous Vehicles using Machine Learning
PubDate: Aug 2020
Teams: Seoul National University； Dongguk University
Writers: Yoon Kyung Lee, Yong-Eun Rhee, Jeh-Kwang Ryu, Sowon Hahn
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) can prevent collisions by understanding pedestrian intention. We conducted a virtual reality experiment with 39 participants and measured crossing times (seconds) and head orientation (yaw degrees). We manipulated AV yielding behavior (no-yield, slow-yield, and fast-yield) and the AV size (small, medium, and large). Using machine learning approach, we classified head orientation change of pedestrians by time into 6 clusters of patterns. Results indicate that pedestrian head orientation change was influenced by AV yielding behavior as well as the size of the AV. Participants fixated on the front most of the time even when the car approached near. Participants changed head orientation most frequently when a large size AV did not yield (no-yield). In post-experiment interviews, participants reported that yielding behavior and size affected their decision to cross and perceived safety. For autonomous vehicles to be perceived more safe and trustful, vehicle-specific factors such as size and yielding behavior should be considered in the designing process.