Privacy-aware VR streaming

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Teams: Beihang University

Writers: Xing Wei, Chenyang Yang

PDF: Privacy-aware VR streaming


Proactive tile-based virtual reality (VR) video streaming employs the current tracking data of a user to predict future requested tiles, then renders and delivers the predicted tiles to be requested before playback. The quality of experience (QoE) depends on the overall performance of prediction, computing (i.e., rendering) and communication. All prior works neglect that users may have privacy requirement, i.e., not all the current tracking data are allowed to be uploaded. In this paper, we investigate the privacy-aware VR streaming. We first establish a dataset that collects the privacy requirement of 66 users among 18 panoramic videos. The dataset shows that the privacy requirements of 360∘ videos are heterogeneous. Only 41\% of the total watched videos have no privacy requirement. Based on these findings, we formulate the privacy requirement as the \textit{degree of privacy} (DoP), and investigate the impact of DoP on the proactive VR streaming. First, we find that with DoP, the length of the observation window and prediction window of a tile predictor should be variable. Then, we jointly optimize the durations for computing and transmitting the selected tiles as well as the computing and communication capability, aimed at maximizing the QoE given arbitrary predictor and configured resources. From the obtained optimal closed-form solution, we find a resource-saturated region where DoP has no impact on the QoE and a resource-unsaturated region where the two-fold impacts of DoP are contradictory. On the one hand, the increase of DoP will degrade the prediction performance and thus degrade the QoE. On the other hand, the increase of DoP will improve the capability of computing and communication and thus improve the QoE. Simulation results using two predictors and a real dataset validate the analysis and demonstrate the overall impact of DoP on the QoE.

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