Applying VertexShuffle Toward 360-Degree Video Super-Resolution on Focused-Icosahedral-Mesh

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PubDate: Jun 2021

Teams: Binghamton University

Writers: Na Li, Yao Liu

PDF: Applying VertexShuffle Toward 360-Degree Video Super-Resolution on Focused-Icosahedral-Mesh

Abstract

With the emerging of 360-degree image/video, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), the demand for analysing and processing spherical signals get tremendous increase. However, plenty of effort paid on planar signals that projected from spherical signals, which leading to some problems, e.g. waste of pixels, distortion. Recent advances in spherical CNN have opened up the possibility of directly analysing spherical signals. However, they pay attention to the full mesh which makes it infeasible to deal with situations in real-world application due to the extremely large bandwidth requirement. To address the bandwidth waste problem associated with 360-degree video streaming and save computation, we exploit Focused Icosahedral Mesh to represent a small area and construct matrices to rotate spherical content to the focused mesh area. We also proposed a novel VertexShuffle operation that can significantly improve both the performance and the efficiency compared to the original MeshConv Transpose operation introduced in UGSCNN. We further apply our proposed methods on super resolution model, which is the first to propose a spherical super-resolution model that directly operates on a mesh representation of spherical pixels of 360-degree data. To evaluate our model, we also collect a set of high-resolution 360-degree videos to generate a spherical image dataset. Our experiments indicate that our proposed spherical super-resolution model achieves significant benefits in terms of both performance and inference time compared to the baseline spherical super-resolution model that uses the simple MeshConv Transpose operation. In summary, our model achieves great super-resolution performance on 360-degree inputs, achieving 32.79 dB PSNR on average when super-resoluting 16x vertices on the mesh.

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