Monoscopic vs. Stereoscopic Views and Display Types in the Teleoperation of Unmanned Ground Vehicles for Object Avoidance
PubDate: Jul 2021
Teams: Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University；The University of Liverpool；
Writers: Yiming Luo, Jialin Wang, Hai-Ning Liang, Shan Luo, Eng Gee Lim
Virtual reality (VR) head-mounted displays (HMD) have recently been used to provide an immersive, first-person vision/view in real-time for manipulating remotely-controlled unmanned ground vehicles (UGV). The teleoperation of UGV can be challenging for operators when it is done in real time. One big challenge is for operators to perceive quickly and rapidly the distance of objects that are around the UGV while it is moving. In this research, we explore the use of monoscopic and stereoscopic views and display types (immersive and non-immersive VR) for operating vehicles remotely. We conducted two user studies to explore their feasibility and advantages. Results show a significantly better performance when using an immersive display with stereoscopic view for dynamic, real-time navigation tasks that require avoiding both moving and static obstacles. The use of stereoscopic view in an immersive display in particular improved user performance and led to better usability.