Remote Sensing Novel View Synthesis With Implicit Multiplane Representations

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PubDate: August 2022

Teams: Beihang University

Writers: Yongchang Wu; Zhengxia Zou; Zhenwei Shi

PDF: Remote Sensing Novel View Synthesis With Implicit Multiplane Representations

Abstract

Novel view synthesis of remote sensing (RS) scenes is of great significance for scene visualization, human–computer interaction, and various downstream applications. Despite the recent advances in computer graphics and photogrammetry technology, generating novel views is still challenging particularly for RS images due to its high complexity, view sparsity, and limited view-perspective variations. In this article, we propose a novel RS view synthesis method by leveraging the recent advances in implicit neural representations. Considering the overhead and far depth imaging of RS images, we represent the 3-D space by combining implicit multiplane images (ImMPI) representation and deep neural networks. The 3-D scene is reconstructed under a self-supervised optimization paradigm through a differentiable multiplane renderer with multiview input constraints. Images from any novel views thus can be freely rendered on the basis of the reconstructed model. As a by-product, the depth maps corresponding to the given viewpoint can be generated along with the rendering output. We refer to our method as ImMPIs. To further improve the view synthesis under sparse-view inputs, we explore the learning-based initialization of RS 3-D scenes and proposed a neural-network-based prior extractor to accelerate the optimization process. In addition, we propose a new dataset for RS novel view synthesis with multiview real-world Google Earth images. Extensive experiments demonstrate the superiority of the ImMPI over previous state-of-the-art methods in terms of reconstruction accuracy, visual fidelity, and time efficiency. Ablation experiments also suggest the effectiveness of our methodology design.

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