Accurate Eye Tracking from Dense 3D Surface Reconstructions using Single-Shot Deflectometry
PubDate: Aug 2023
Teams: Northwestern University;ETH Zürich;University of Arizona
Writers: Jiazhang Wang, Tianfu Wang, Bingjie Xu, Oliver Cossairt, Florian Willomitzer
Eye-tracking plays a crucial role in the development of virtual reality devices, neuroscience research, and psychology. Despite its significance in numerous applications, achieving an accurate, robust, and fast eye-tracking solution remains a considerable challenge for current state-of-the-art methods. While existing reflection-based techniques (e.g., “glint tracking”) are considered the most accurate, their performance is limited by their reliance on sparse 3D surface data acquired solely from the cornea surface. In this paper, we rethink the way how specular reflections can be used for eye tracking: We propose a novel method for accurate and fast evaluation of the gaze direction that exploits teachings from single-shot phase-measuring-deflectometry (PMD). In contrast to state-of-the-art reflection-based methods, our method acquires dense 3D surface information of both cornea and sclera within only one single camera frame (single-shot). Improvements in acquired reflection surface points(“glints”) of factors >3300× are easily achievable. We show the feasibility of our approach with experimentally evaluated gaze errors of only ≤0.25∘ demonstrating a significant improvement over the current state-of-the-art.