Temporal color mixing and dynamic beam shaping with silicon metasurfaces
PubDate: Jul 2019
Teams: Stanford University
Writers: Aaron L. Holsteen1, View ORCID ProfileAhmet Fatih Cihan2, View ORCID ProfileMark L. Brongersma1,*
Metasurfaces offer the possibility to shape optical wavefronts with an ultracompact, planar form factor. However, most metasurfaces are static, and their optical functions are fixed after the fabrication process. Many modern optical systems require dynamic manipulation of light, and this is now driving the development of electrically reconfigurable metasurfaces. We can realize metasurfaces with fast (>105 hertz), electrically tunable pixels that offer complete (0- to 2π) phase control and large amplitude modulation of scattered waves through the microelectromechanical movement of silicon antenna arrays created in standard silicon-on-insulator technology. Our approach can be used to realize a platform technology that enables low-voltage operation of pixels for temporal color mixing and continuous, dynamic beam steering and light focusing.