A Low-Profile Digital Eye-Tracking Oculometer for Smart Eyeglasses
PubDate: August 2018
Teams: University of Utah；SharpEyes LLC
Writers: Alexander S. Mastrangelo; Mohit Karkhanis; Rugved Likhite; Ashrafuzzaman Bulbul; Hanseup Kim; Carlos H. Mastrangelo; Nazmul Hasan；Tridib Ghosh
Wearable eye tracking devices have broad uses in medicine, psychology, augmented & virtual reality and consumer market research. Most mobile eye trackers available today utilize infrared imaging of the pupil and corneal reflections with video cameras. This tracking method requires sophisticated real-time processing of video signals consuming substantial electrical power. This method is thus unsuitable for light weight wearables such as adaptive smart eyeglasses for correction of presbyopia. In this paper we present a low-profile, low-power (7.7 mJ/sample) digital eye tracker oculometer based on infrared sclera tracking. The system is implemented using eight, 24-bit infrared proximity sensors and synchronous infrared LEDs. The pupil location is determined from 32 reflected pulsed light measurements independent of ambient illumination. The digital oculometer is 3.1 mm thick and weighs ~3 g. The tracker mounts adjacent to the tunable lenses in the smart eyeglasses frame. The eye tracker showed a pointing error of 1.3 degrees rms over a vertical and horizontal range of 30 degrees when tested by an observer.